Software development techniques, tools, and processes have come a long way now and trends are changing every single day. In software testing also, the trends are changing faster than ever as a part of the complete SDLC. Automation is not a ‘good to have’ skill for a software testing professional. A good and organized automation tool reduces human efforts and saves time while testing a big project. Iterations can be an infinite number of times when a framework has set up.
Here, we have summed up 8 tools that a mobile app testing professional must know in 2018.
Appium is an open-source automation tool that works for both iOS and android. It also works for native and hybrid iOS applications. It works exactly like a selenium server and runs at the background of the application. Java, ruby on rails, python, C#, C++, etc. are the programming languages supported by appium.
It works on any testing framework and uses standard automation APIs. Like selenium, appium is easy to learn to use. You do not have to install anything on the device and recompile your applications repeatedly. You just can run it and test your app, it is that simple. Selenium webdriver JSON wire protocol also can be used in appium. The main feature of appium is, it can be integrated with other apps easily.
Robotium is an awesome open-source tool for black-box testing of android-based apps. Testers can write black-box test scripts for multiple scenarios with the help of robotium. It offers good support online for testers.
Robotium is very easy to write test cases as you have to add the class name and provide the path of the library where the class exists. The UI and functional test scripts were written by robotium are robust, compact and powerful. The only drawback of using robotium is, it does not offer functions for a lock or unlock a mobile device.
For the user interface of android native as well as hybrid applications, selendroid is used for automating the test scripts. It uses selenium 2 for client API tests and hence it is completely compatible with the JSON wire protocol.
UI elements can be traced using two different locators. The same as selenium, it supports the hot plug-in of multiple software devices. The most important feature of selendroid is: it can interact with multiple android applications and devices at the same time.
To test mobile devices on cloud platforms, kobiton is an excellent tool. Kobiton can be used for manual as well as automated testing of a mobile application both native and hybrid ones. It is a unique tool that gives access to the real devices; it captures the activity logs of the running test sessions during the testing phases. But this too is not completely free. Testers can purchase prepaid testing time for as low as $10.
It is cloud-based, and therefore, it is accessible from anywhere and very easy to use. It is an affordable and advanced mobile application testing tool in the market. Kobiton supports from appium 1.6.4 and it offers device internal lab management for using the internal devices properly.
Calabash is a good tool for mainly acceptance testing of the newly coded mobile apps. It is an open-source tool that supports open-source libraries for android and iOS. It is also a cloud-based testing tool and supports languages like java, .net, flex, ruby on rails, etc. It also supports test framework cucumber and makes it easier for testers as well as other professionals like business analysts who have the least knowledge of programming.
Frank is another open-source automation testing tool available in the market and it is built especially for iOS applications. It has features similar to the cucumber framework and JSON wire protocol. It uses an element selector like CSS which is clean and easy to understand.
Frank allows integration with CI and is able to run the tests on the simulator as well as on the device. An excellent live inspection tool called symbiote is included in the tool. It also empowers the mobile app testers to record the video of the tests to visualize the functionality is working or not.
- Cloud monkey
Monkey talk is not a new name in the mobile testing market and it is a very good open-source tool for testing iOS and android apps with ease. Acquired in 2015 by Oracle, the tool is however known as Cloudmonkey at present. It helps you perform everything starting from functional tests, to data-driven tests to smoke or acceptance tests.
Cloud monkey interface and simulator is very simple and easy to understand with an excellent interface. It provides an IDE that allows running or recording the test scripts perfectly. It supports devices connected to the network through LAN or tethering etc. A single script is needed to be written for both android and iOS. Junit, jenkin, and hudson can be used for continuous integration using cloud monkey. It also can generate XML, HTML and JUnit reports. Cloud monkey could be used to capture screenshots of the bugs or test failures during the script runs.
KIF or KeptItFunctional is another integration testing framework built for IOS mobile apps. It uses the language objective C and it provides direct integration with the XCTests. It offers optimized and maximized integration with the framework reducing the number of layers to be built for continuous integration. It also has an active coding community online and good support backings. KIF uses standard OCUnit testing targets for testing the applications. It has a good command line and CI.
Special note for the software testers
Above are the tools that are used for functional to acceptance tests to be performed on mobile applications on both android and iOS. But as a software testing professional, there are other tools for continuous integration, bug reporting, documentation, code repository and collaboration you should learn about. Tools like jira, confluence, github, jenkins, docker, slack and test object, etc. are also needed to be learned for not only the test iterations but the complete testing lifecycle to perform efficiently.
For (present and future) app owners
At Techechelons, we make use of the right tools for testing and collaboration so that our developed apps and websites can remain bug-free and best at what they do. Contact us if you need iOS/android/hybrid app development services or want assistance in testing your mobile app.